In 2013, about 28 percent of all Wins Above Replacement were created by the under-25 set. That was the ninth-largest share for any season since 1976. Output from youngsters has been on the upswing since the mid-to-late 1990s, when the percentage of WAR from young players hit its nadir. That nadir happened to occur at the height of baseball’s so-called steroid era.Further research is needed on the subject, but recent work on aging curves in the post-PED (performance enhancing drug) period suggests that today’s players are better earlier in their careers, and then decline much sooner and more sharply.Given that, it’s no surprise to see the game’s fresh faces producing a larger share of wins. A few years ago, Bill James — baseball writer and pagan god of sabermetrics — was asked whether baseball was in the midst of a golden age of great young stars. James created a “young talent inventory” (pay-walled), a somewhat elaborate methodology to measure whether runs were being created or saved by players aged 25 or younger.I’m not going to delve into so intricate a technique. But I like the 25-or-under cut-off (as do other prospect-watchers), so I decided to add up the Wins Above Replacement (WAR) produced by players in that age range for every season going back to 1976, the dawn of the free-agency/arbitration era. (Before then, player movement was far more restricted than it is now.)What proportion of total WAR in all of Major League Baseball has been generated by young players?
News GRAMMYConnect Presents: 6 Degrees From Brandi Carlile 6 Degrees From Brandi Carlile With GRAMMYConnect grammyconnect-presents-6-degrees-brandi-carlile We put the seven-time GRAMMY nominee together with GRAMMYconnect.com for an IBM Watson-fueled exploration of the talented and powerful people who contributed to her careerthe GRAMMYsGRAMMYs Feb 5, 2019 – 11:36 am Over the course of their careers, GRAMMY-nominated artists intersect with hundreds—maybe thousands—of fellow musicians, producers, and other industry professionals. Many have a chance to work with entertainers outside the music industry, or even a politician or two.Given a typical GRAMMY-nominated artist’s far-reaching network, we thought it would be fun to explore a few of these connections with folk-rock singer/songwriter Brandi Carlile, who is nominated for six GRAMMYs this year. To help facilitate the conversation, we used GRAMMYconnect.com, our AI-powered site developed in partnership with IBM.”It was really cool to kinda stroll dowm memory lane and see so many of the people that have touched my live over the years,” says Carlile. “I even came across a few connections I didn’t know I had.”One of those hidden connections was with none other than Amy Schumer, the comedienne, actress, and activist who shares a passion for many of the same causes as Carlile. Turns out Schumer and Carlile were born on the same exact day: June 1, 1981. “I think it’s quite a compliment to share a birthday with somebody that exciting and funny, and of that depth,” says Carlile. The two actually met one time at a hotel swimming pool, when Brandi’s wife managed to get a laugh out of Schumer. “She made the funniest woman in America laugh.”Exclusive: Brandi Carlile On ‘By The Way, I Forgive You’ & “The Joke”That’s not the only surprising link GRAMMYConnect found to Carlile: The Washington-born singer also has deep ties to former President Barack Obama. Obama has included a few of Carlile’s songs on the favorites list he posts every year. Not only that, but he wrote the foreword to Cover Stories, Carlile’s 2017 album to benefit children of war.“I’ve got a lot of connection points with Barack Obama over the last eight to 10 years,” says Carlile. “There are so many ways he’s impacted my life… I think the most potent connection I have to him is that I proposed to my wife on the day that he came out as the first American president in support of marriage equality.”And here’s one that many of you probably missed: Brandi is connected to Bradley Cooper and Lady Gaga, due to her cameo in A Star is Born. In the scene, Cooper’s character, Jackson Maine, participates in a GRAMMY Awards tribute to Roy Orbison. Brandi plays herself, and takes the lead on vocals in the scene. We also explored Carlile’s connections to Dolly Parton, who will be honored as the 2019 MusicCares Person of the Year at the L.A. Convention Center two nights before the 61st Annual GRAMMY Awards. Click Dolly’s name to find out how the two are connected! And while you’re at it, find out how Carlile connects to GRAMMY winners Pearl Jam, Elton John, Kacey Musgraves and Maren Morris.To explore more of Brandi’s connections, or the connections of more than 19,000 GRAMMY-nominated artists through the years, go to GRAMMYconnect.com. Then, be sure to watch the 61st GRAMMY Awards on Sunday, Feb. 10 on CBS.Read more Facebook Twitter Email
A simulation of dark matter filaments across the universe. Zarija Lukic/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Dark matter is an enigmatic beast. We can’t see it, yet we know it makes up most of our universe. Finding the mysterious particle (or particles) the exotic matter is composed of has puzzled and intrigued scientists for decades. On June 6 at the Planck 2019 conference, an international meeting highlighting frontier physics research, John Terning and Christopher Verhaaren, theoretical physicists at the University of California, Davis, presented a new theory for what makes up dark matter and how we might detect it. A preprint paper of their study was uploaded to the arXiv directory on May 31. Dark matter and dark energy, two theoretical forms of matter, are thought to make up more than 85% of the known universe. When we look out into space, the evidence for the existence of dark matter is plentiful — we can see the effect it has on gravity and the expansion of the universe. We know something, an invisible particle perhaps, is lurking out of sight and responsible for the way our universe works. Scientists have long struggled to find the elusive, exotic particle that makes up dark matter, and more theories abound every year. In December, an Oxford scientist proposed that the universe was made up of a dark fluid. Others have suggested hunting for dark matter in cutting-edge new ways. Still, we have failed to detect it.Which brings us to Terning and Verhaaren’s idea. They argue for a new “type” of dark matter and a way to detect it, a one-two punch of theory and experimental validation. However, the authors of the study caution that verifying it could take quite some time. The new type of dark matter is different from previous theories, which suggest the exotic, invisible particles may be made up of weakling interacting massive particles, or WIMPs. No experiments have been able to find these particles, though scientists have built large, shielded laboratories that hope to reveal them. “We still don’t know what dark matter is,” said Terning in a press release. “The primary candidate for a long time was the WIMP, but it looks like that’s almost completely ruled out.” The private rocket company trying to send Australia to… See SLAC, a two-mile particle accelerator next to Stanford 2 3:17 Share your voice Comments The researchers looked at an opposing theory for dark matter with an equally fantastical name: “dark electromagnetism.” It says there’s a subatomic particle known as a dark photon which sometimes interacts with regular photons that we can already detect. The duo added their own spin to the idea by showing dark matter might be caused by “dark monopoles,” which are based on quantum theory.It all gets very tangled here, especially for us mere mortals struggling with everyday physics. The bottom line? We’ve got a new theory which proposes the “dark monopole” could be detected in an experiment thanks to its interactions with regular photons and the Aharonov-Bohm effect, which has been proven experimentally. However, the observable effect would be incredibly small — even smaller than gravitational waves — and we don’t yet have the technology to detect such minute signals right now. Alan Duffy, a dark matter researcher at Swinburne University in Australia, notes how the first detection of gravitational waves (itself only a theory until recently) took “a century of heroic scientific and engineering effort” suggesting that might be “a worry for the testability of the [new] prediction.”Where does that leave Terning and Verhaaren’s theory? Well, as a theory, of course. But that’s where all good science starts. Tags 33 Photos Now playing: Watch this: Sci-Tech
This angle clearly shows the bails being broken before Dhoni makes his creaseiplt20.comThe Indian Premier League (IPL) Final turned out as just the type of classic it was expected to be. Mumbai Indians led by Rohit Sharma found a way to defend just nine runs in the last over of the innings and secured their fourth title.But the biggest talking point that emerged from the match was not the individual brilliance of any one player but the decision of the third umpire to give Mahendra Singh Dhoni run out at a crucial stage of the game.There is an intense debate on social media about whether Dhoni’s bat was behind the line when the bails were dislodged or not. The problem with making the decision was the fact that one angle showed the former India captain clearly not having his bat behind the line when the bails get dislodged while the other was blocked by a fielder. After deliberating for a long time, the TV umpire eventually decided that Dhoni was out. This wicket, arguably, turned the match in MI’s favour. Many CSK fans have argued that the bails need to be completely dislodged before the batsman makes the crease for him to be run out, and since the bails were only partially removed from the stumps at the when MSD was short of his ground, the umpire should have adjudged him not out. Mumbai Indians with the trophyTwitter/Mumbai IndiansWas the decision right?So, was Dhoni really out? Or, was he wrongly adjudged dismissed? Let’s look at the rules first. The MCC Law on run out (38.1) says, “Either batsman is out Run out, except as in 38.2, if, at any time while the ball is in play, he/she is out of his/her ground and his/her wicket is fairly put down by the action of a fielder even though No ball has been called, except in the circumstances of 18.104.22.168, and whether or not a run is being attempted.”So, the key words there are “wicket is fairly put down.” However, this seemed too vague, so the ICC which can frame the rules of the game, decided to make things clearer. The rules state that the bails have to be ‘broken’ before the batsman grounds his bat behind the crease to achieve a run out.So, bails being broken is important. Some people have a misconception that the bails need to be completely removed from the stumps. But if one has been watching cricket over the years, he would realise that umpires mainly look at when the bails are disturbed and not necessarily when they are completely detached.One of the angles of Dhoni’s run out clearly shows that his bat was short of the crease when the bails were lifted. This, by the standards of cricket, is sufficient for them to be considered broken. So, it is clear, Dhoni was out and CSK fans cannot crib about it. Let’s give credit to both teams for putting up a great show and hope that similar excitement awaits us in the World Cup as well.
Representational image.PixabayIndian stock market opened with massive positive trading with Sensex recovering to its 40,000 level almost after a month. Nifty rose above 11,970, showing a positive approach towards the expectations on Nirmala Sitharaman’s maiden Union Budget 2019 speech.The BSE Sensex is seeing a trading rise of 119 points while Nifty50 has gained about 31 points since the morning.The gain in the Sensex and the Nifty is because of the expectations of the public and the investors from the Union Budget to bring in policies that can revive the country from its economic slowdown.
Police officers detaining Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny during an unauthorised anti-corruption rally in central Moscow. Photo: AFPHundreds of people including top Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny were arrested on Sunday as thousands of Russians defied bans to stage protests across the country against corruption.Navalny had called for the marches after publishing a detailed report this month accusing Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev of controlling a property empire through a shadowy network of nonprofit organisations.The report has been viewed over 11 million times on YouTube, but so far Medvedev has made no comment on the claims.Sunday’s march in Moscow was one of the biggest unauthorised demonstrations in recent years, with police putting turnout at 7,000-8,000 people.Police detained Navalny, who has announced plans to run for president in the 2018 election, as he was walking to the protest, putting him in a police minibus.The crowd briefly tried to block it from driving off, shouting “Shame!” and “Let him out!”“Guys, I am all right, go on along Tverskaya,” Navalny tweeted from the van, referring to Moscow’s main central street.Police said about 500 people had been arrested in Moscow, while OVD-Info, a website that monitors the detention of activists, said at least 933 had been detained, as well as dozens in other cities.The Interfax news agency said 130 people were arrested in Saint Petersburg, where about 4,000 people gathered in the city centre.“We’re tired of the lies, we have to do something,” Sergei Timofeyev, a 23-year-old protester in Saint Petersburg, told AFP.A spokeswoman for Navalny’s Anti-corruption Foundation (FBK) said on Twitter than he would be held overnight before being brought before a judge on Monday.He will face charges of calling a rally that disrupted public order, and could be held for up to 15 days.From his cell, Navalny posted on Twitter that he was “proud” of the protesters and said the mass detentions were “understandable”.“The thieves defend themselves this way. But you cannot arrest everyone who is against corruption. There are millions of us,” he wrote.The United States condemned the arrests as an affront to democracy.“Detaining peaceful protesters, human rights observers, and journalists is an affront to core democratic values,” acting State Department spokesman Mark Toner said in a statement.‘They steal and lie’Thousands of people filled central Pushkin Square, some shouting “Russia without (President Vladimir) Putin”. Some climbed on to lamp posts and the monument to poet Alexander Pushkin, shouting “impeachment!”Dozens of police vans and rows of riot officers were lined up as a police helicopter hovered overhead.“We have all seen the movie, it gives specific examples of corruption, and there has been no reaction,” Nikolai Moisey, a 26-year-old factory worker, said of the claims against Medvedev.“They steal and they lie but still people will be patient to the end. The protest is a first push for people to start acting.”Police officers moved to detain protesters and clear the square, with some using truncheons and pepper spray to disperse the crowd, AFP correspondents said.Police also searched FBK offices over alleged incitement to hatred, and “Everyone was detained and brought to the police,” the organisation’s spokeswoman Kira Iarmych said.‘99 cities’Despite the dramatic scenes in Moscow, state TV did not cover the protests, instead showing soap operas and nature films.“The whole country is tired of corruption on such a scale,” 50-year-old Natalia Demidova said. “Medvedev should be fired once such exposes come to light.”Elsewhere, about 2,000 gathered in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk, carrying signs such as “No to corruption,” according to local news website Sib.fm.Some held up images of yellow rubber ducks, following reports that Medvedev has a special house for a duck on one of his properties.Local media estimated about 1,500 people turned out in each of the Siberian cities of Krasnoyarsk and Omsk.The Russian constitution allows public gatherings, but recent laws have criminalised protests unauthorised by city authorities, who frequently refuse to grant permission for rallies by Kremlin critics.Navalny said on his website that 99 Russian cities planned to protest, but that in 72 of them the local authorities did not give permission, citing reasons such as street cleaning, a bell-ringing concert and rival events by various pro-Kremlin groups.There were also protests in Vladivostok and Yekaterinburg, according to local reports.Navalny, a 40-year-old lawyer by training announced plans to run for the presidency after he won a surprise 27 percent of the vote in the Moscow mayoral election in 2013.But he has been the subject of several legal prosecutions in recent years, and in February he was found guilty of embezzlement and given a five-year suspended sentence which could make him ineligible to run in next year’s vote.