“A lot of the players [from the Test squad] are going to Zimbabwe as well, so that’s very important that they know they can compete with the best teams in the world, but what we are going to do is continue to work hard.” West Indies will enter the Tri-Nations Series ranked ninth in the world, with Sri Lanka in sixth place and Zimbabwe down in 11th. The last time the Windies met Sri Lanka in an ODI series a year ago, they suffered a bruising 3-0 drubbing in the series, on what was a difficult tour of the subcontinent. However, Estwick said with the confidence gained from the recent victory over Pakistan, coupled with hard work in preparation, West Indies would be a potent force in the upcoming series. “All the best teams get success through hard work, discipline, dedication, and that’s something we are really trying to get the players to buy into, and this win will go a long way in trying to help that and get the belief and confidence,” the former first-class cricketer said. “And once we can get the momentum, we know we can compete. Now we know we can stay five days with all the teams in the world because our fitness has improved and that’s a very, very important thing for us.” West Indies open their Tri-Nations Series campaign against Sri Lanka on November 16. POTCHEFSTROOM, South Africa, (CMC): West Indies will kick off a preparation camp here over the coming week as they gear up for the imminent Tri-Nations Series in Zimbabwe, involving the hosts and Sri Lanka. The one-day international (ODI) squad assembled here this weekend, with the eight players who were part of the Test series against Pakistan arriving from the United Arab Emirates. Captain Jason Holder leads the 15-man unit for the tournament which runs from November 14-27. West Indies will undergo training at the High Performance Centre here as they sharpen their skills for the 50-overs format under the guidance of assistant coach Hendy Springer, batting coach Toby Radford, and bowling coach Roddy Estwick. Last Thursday, West Indies beat Pakistan for their first Test win in 19 months and first on foreign soil in four years, and Estwick said the victory would be a huge boost for the side as they prepared for the Tri-Nations Series. “I’m a great believer in momentum and I believe this win is going to be important. We’ve still got the Tri-Nations Series to play against Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, so this win will give us some kind of confidence,” Estwick said. WORK HARD
– President envisions great advancementDrumrolls sounded and the crowd grew wild with excitement as the march pass began, signalling thePresident David Granger and Bartica Mayor Gifford Marshall unveiled the plaquecommencement of the grand celebrations of the official township status declaration for Bartica, Region Seven (Cuyuni Mazaruni) on Saturday.Usually a quiet ambiance, the mining community was colourfully decorated in the colours of the Golden Arrowhead and erupted into cheers and applause as families came out in huge numbers to join in the festivities.Despite the light drizzles, residents lined the streets with smartphones in hand to capture photos and videos of this historic moment.The march pass suavely made its way to the Bartica Stelling, where President David Granger, Regional Chairman Gordan Bradford and Mayor Gifford Marshall were awaiting.The ceremony started off with prayers by several religious groups, after which President Granger delivered the feature address.The Head of State, who is deeply connected to the Bartica, was overjoyed that this day has finally arrived.He noted that Bartica has been awaiting its township status for over 100 years, since the ordinance was passed to make Bartica a town in 1887.With having gained its official township status, Bartica can now set the stage for other municipalities to follow.According to President Granger, Bartica can lead the way in becoming a green town, a town that attracts investors from all across the Caribbean, and a town that is a magnet for economic growth.“Bartica has to lead the way, become our first green town… Solar energy, electrical vehicles, wind energy, solid waste management, recycling… Bartica is going to become a laboratory for Guyana’s green economy,” he stated.The President added: “It must be a model town for our green economy, showing all other towns and other regions how Guyana would supply enough energy without depending on fossil fuel.”He envisions that within the next four years, the new town can boast of having the greatest advancements in all integral aspects of development: technology, education, and overall economic development.Amid the pomp and ceremony, the plaque was unveiled and President Granger officially declared Bartica a town, much to the delight of residents.The celebrations continued into the evening with a blast of cultural extravaganza.Among those present for the celebrations were First Lady Sandra Granger, State Minister Joseph Harmon, Social Cohesion Minister Amna Ally, Health Minister Dr George Norton, and others.
Finn Harps have announced two new signings who will join the clubs first team squad ahead of this Friday’s game against Shelbourne in Tolka Park.Striker Jordan Loftus has joined from Sligo Rovers and midfielder Brian McCrory has signed until the end of the current season.Loftus, a former Castlebar Celtic player, was a member of the Sligo Rovers U-19 squad last year and made his first team debut for the “Bit of Red” in a league Cup against Derry City in April. Donegal Town native Brian McCroary who can play as a winger or centre midfielder was previously on the books of Wolves in England and also had a spell at Derry City.Harps Manager Ollie Horgan said he welcomed Brian and Jordan to the first team squad and is hoping both lads can make a positive contribution.“We don’t have a big squad so its more than likely everyone will get a chance to prove themselves. The most important thing with new players is to get them integrated into our training regime as quickly as possible so we can assess our options.“ FINN HARPS SIGN NEW STRIKER AND MIDFIELDER AHEAD OF SHELS GAME was last modified: July 22nd, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:finn harpsnew signings
Bobbie Purify, former Eureka High and College of the Redwoods basketball player, signed a letter of commitment to head to Belmont to join Notre Dame de Namur’s program in the fall.Purify, a kinesiology major, said NDNU’s kinesiology program along with the opportunity to keep playing the game she loves made the decision a clear one.“I had offers from some out of state schools but I wanted to be able to continue in my major,” she said. “I think NDNU is a good fit for me.”The versatile guard …
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Rarely do images of flight come to mind when thinking of agriculture. For some agriculturalists though, their daily work is amid the blue skies.Agricultural aviation is an enterprise not for the faint of heart. Much like farmers, this select group of pilots deals with high-cost and high-tech matters every day and puts in long hours during the heat of the season.Ohio has a rich history of aerial application. The first known use of heavier-than-air machinery for the dispersal of products occurred at a farm near Troy where lead arsenate was spread to kill catalpa sphinx caterpillars in 1921. Since then, the industry has thrived in Ohio, now home to several full-time operators. There have been many changes through the years.As cover crops have increased in popularity, they have become a more important part of the aerial application business for Mark Gaerte of Gaerte Ag Service in northwest Ohio who serves as president of the Ohio Agricultural Aviation Association.“The outlook is positive,” Gaerte said. “Grain prices might be down here in the nation, but I think the cover crop sector is picking up for most aerial applicators in the state and across the Midwest. Things look up for us like that. We are busiest from day to day July through September. It goes from corn fungicide spraying that first week of July until almost the end of August and goes right into dry cover crop seeding from then on out. It depends on the weather obviously. We end up seeding it up until October. I’ve gone as late as October, some in November. It’s always different.”Luther Gibbs and his son Brian Gibbs are a father-son team running Gibbs AeroSpray close to Lake Erie.“We live up near Fremont, Ohio. Up along the Lake we spray row crops, some vegetable stuff — cabbage, pickles, a few tomatoes,” Luther said. “Dad started the spraying business in 1952 when the Heinz company opened, H.J. Heinz, and then we just progressed on from there.”Brian Gibbs is the third generation to fly above Ohio’s fields in the family business.“There’s a lot of pride involved. You want to do the best job you can do for the farmers around. A lot of our customers have been around since my grandpa was spraying so I enjoy just getting to know everybody and doing the best job we can do for them,” Brian said. “We’ve had a pretty dry spring overall so far. As far as the wheat acres, a lot of guys were able to get in and topdress it with their own equipment. Work’s been picking up a little bit with alfalfa weevil spraying for bugs. We usually get into spraying some wheat fungicide. But all in all, guys are probably going to be rounding out planting and it looks like it’s been a pretty good spring for everybody so far.”There are several important issues at the center of the ag aviation world currently.“New regulations on the Waters of the U.S. — we have to worry about that a little more. I noticed the other day we passed some creeks that actually had signs posted that said Waters of the U.S. and I have never seen that before,” Luther said. “But I think the farmer is going to have to start paying attention to that.”Being involved in such a small career field, crop dusters often find themselves commonly sharing stories and recommendations with their fellow pilots. It’s clear there’s very little bad blood to be had within the tightknit Ohio group.Ohio’s aerial applicators — more often known as crop dusters — recently gathered at the Morrow County Airport, base of operations for Fisher Ag Service, to take part in Operation SAFE. The event offers networking opportunities, but more importantly helps to ensure the use of application technology is as efficient and accurate as possible. SAFE in this case stands for Self-regulating Application and Flight Efficiency and is put on by the National Agricultural Aviation Association (NAAA).According to the NAAA, aerial application accounts for about 20% of all applied crop protection products on commercial farms and nearly 100% of forest protection applications. The numbers also show there are around 1,350 aerial applicator businesses in the U.S. with the average pilot having 21.3 years of experience within the industry. The price of ag aircraft can range anywhere from $100,000 to $1.5 million.With those dollar amounts in mind, it’s clear why crop dusters want to get the very most out of their equipment and provide the best possible service to the producer on the ground through efforts like SAFE.“We’ve been in business for about 24 years. Single pilot, single-plane operation — I’m everything fromA Cessna crop duster waits its turn in the hanger.chief pilot to the gas boy and everything in between,” said Roger Trump, who runs an aerial applicator business in western Ohio near Greenville. “You’re able to give your customer a better quality job by running the aircraft through a test pattern like this. Because with the aerodynamics, sometimes even though you stand behind the airplane and look at the placement of the nozzles on the booms and everything, you say ‘well that looks good.’ But with the aerodynamics and the air churning around the aircraft, sometimes it’s not as good as it looks and this actually tests the pattern on the ground so you can shuffle the nozzles to where the need to be to get as even an application as possible.“One of the issues that we have to be very conscious of and concerned about is drift of chemical off target — making sure it stays in the field where we put it — and just being a good steward of the environment for the community and the country.”The SAFE event is focused on implementing the best technology to better serve farm customers. Dennis Gardisser is president of WRK — one of the few companies in the world that deals with aerial application technology. The SAFE program in Morrow County marked the 31st event of its kind this spring alone for the Arkansas-based business.“We’re here today working with the agricultural aviation industry to do two major things. One is to help them with spray applications and one is to help them with their dry material distributions. In the spray applications we collect a sample dynamically exactly as they would in the field, but we’re able to analyze that because we put a tracer in the water and we have a collection medium that’s 150 feet wide,” Gardisser said. “Once we’ve done that we know what the correct swath width is and we know how uniform they’re applying the material so that we get everything evenly in the field. We also put out collectors so we know what their droplet spectrum is, so when we go to the fields to work with the producers and they buy the chemical, then that chemical is placed in the field at the correct rate, at the correct droplet size. They get high efficacy for good plant or pest control and they have good safety when they don’t have small droplets.“It’s a way for them to test those materials at the start of the season and be ready. In addition, there’s a lot of dry materials put out — fertilizers and seed — and so we have a dual set of equipment where we’re able to analyze the distribution of those. We can determine the rate as well as the swath width and uniformity of those as well. All of these measures are voluntary. The pilots are paying my firm to be here to do this, and they’re hoping to be very competitive and provide the clients they work for the best service possible.”The event helps to improve the industry in Ohio and ultimately the performance on the ground for farmers.“We have a good bunch of people here in Ohio flying spray planes. I’m not saying other areas of the country don’t, but one of the things in Ohio is that the aerial applicators kind of work with each other,” Trump said. “In other parts of the country, it becomes more of ‘well whatever I can do to get one over on my competitor who’s one or two counties away.’ But we don’t see too much of that attitude here in Ohio. It’s more of a cooperation attitude and I appreciate that — I think that’s great that we have that type of environment among our aerial applicators in Ohio.”Whether it’s the state-of-the-art aircraft, the in-depth knowledge needed for chemical and seed work, or any area in between, agricultural aviation has devoted people working hard behind the scenes to get the job done.Operation SAFE helps ensure the use of aerial application technology is as efficient and accurate as possible.Ohio’s aerial applicators, in partnership with farmers, are putting their skills and passions to work to feed this world. The only difference is they’re working at speeds of 140 miles per hour and up just feet off the ground. Butch Fisher, owner of Fisher Ag Service, the host of the SAFE event, has been doing just that for several decades now.“This event gives us a chance to pattern test airplanes, check for swath, droplet size, make sure we’re on label and everything, do a little more accurate of a job,” Fisher said. “We’re basically a five airplane operation. I’ve been in business basically 40 years and started out with a helicopter and an airplane. Then we advanced to strictly airplanes. And we do liquid work, seeding, dry fertilizer — mainly crop care. We are basically keeping the plant at the best growing conditions for the season. Most of our work is after the plants are emerged and growing good so our busy season is basically June, July, and August. So we’re pretty active once the crops get up — we do a little bit of early spring work for herbicides and a little urea. We finally finish out in the summer during a good fungicide run on corn and beans with seeding cover crop. Really, we’re here to take care of people — been here for 40 years.”Luther Gibbs, right, weighs urea in a collection tube to test the accuracy of his application equipment.
Andrew Woodberry Tags:#AR#featured#InstaVR#Internet of Things#IoT#top#virtual reality#VR Related Posts Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… How Myia Health’s Partnership with Mercy Virtua… Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Higher education has always been fertile ground for the creation of new, boundary-pushing technology. While VR software and hardware innovation have been, to date, largely the domain of startups and large tech companies, it’s colleges and universities that are using the technology in some of the most interesting ways.Professors and students alike are exploring the various disciplines where immersive imagery and audio can be impactful, and the adoption rate is only accelerating.See also: VR standards – too early or long overdue?University settings encourage big thinking — What if a search engine could utilize a more perfect algorithm to give more relevant results? What if a social network could redefine how humans interact? What if we could map out the human genetic code? Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality haven’t quite approached these levels of disruption.But with VR expected to be a $75 billion industry by 2021, according to Greenlight Insights, there’s no doubt that virtual reality will have a big impact. So it’s not surprising that professors and students are delving into all facets of the technology to understand how it will impact us, and hopefully make our lives better.Almost no university-level subject matter is immune to VR’s impact. Take Architecture and Urban Design Program at German University in Cairo, for example. They used our InstaVR platform for creating immersive tours of historical buildings in a project called “Historical Cairo Goes VR.” Some of the oldest and most interesting buildings in Cairo were made virtually walkable from thousands of miles away using cutting edge technology.The students overlaid the 360 tours with image and video hotspots, to provide relevant contextual information. The result was an incredibly immersive and memorable VR and classroom experience, all of which was made possible at a reasonable price point give the preponderance of 360 cameras and low-cost VR headsets on the market.Images Courtesy of the Hyper Reality Course at German University in CairoStudying the impact of VR on societyBesides using VR for teaching or learning, a number of academics are studying the impact VR will have on society as a whole. Earlier this year, the UC Institute for Prediction Technology used our InstaVR app creation tool to create smoking cessation VR applications. Rather than just gather user feedback post-VR experience, they were able to gather actual information on where people were focusing their attention while using a Google Cardboard headset. Overlaid on the VR experience, a heat map shows a visual representation of time spent looking at different areas of the 360 landscape. Since memory is notoriously subject to unconscious biases, VR heat maps can provide academics with actual actionable information.In this particular case, researchers could see among the VR smoking cessation experiences, where were users focusing most of their attention, suggesting an area successful at capturing focus. And overall, the study could inform whether VR actually helps change behavior in the real world.Other VR experiences built by InstaVR college/university clients in the past 12 months have included: an app to determine the efficacy of VR for eliciting empathy, an app for acclimating therapists for working with patients, apps to take Australian college students on virtual field trips, and embeddable 360 images to augment news articles by student journalists.The core throughline of VR in higher education is utilizing the technology to expand and improve what is already taught, as well as to make things more participatory. Traditional psychology experiments give test subjects hypothetical scenarios, and ask — “What would you do if this happened to you?” In the case of determining empathy, the mind has to take a big leap to put itself in other people’s shoes. Virtual reality allows users to bridge that gap, and truly feel what the proposed scenario would be like, as least as close to reality as possible. Thus, you can ask them questions within the experience (using Hotspots/Navigation as response vehicles) or look at a heat map afterward, giving you more accurate data than you would in traditional experiments.Making things more participatoryIn terms of VR making things more participatory, that’s a win-win for both college students and professors. While lecturing can certainly still be valuable, the multimedia associated with say a virtual field trip to Roman ruins (an actual VR app made on our platform) is more memorable and can lead to more engagement. VR allows for a true “Choose Your Own Adventure”, with students empowered to explore and delve deeper with multimedia hotspots into areas they want to explore further. Certainly, with the students from German University in Cairo, the resulting experiences they built themselves were more memorable than say putting together a PowerPoint presentation.VR allows for a true “Choose Your Own Adventure”, with students empowered to explore and delve deeper with multimedia hotspots into areas they want to explore further. Certainly, with the students from German University in Cairo, the resulting experiences they built themselves were more memorable than say putting together a PowerPoint presentation.Ultimately, adoption at the higher ed level largely depends on tech-forward professors, or students taking greater initiative. 360 cameras have fallen in price as they’ve become more ubiquitous, and web-based authoring software like InstaVR has made distributing apps simple. So don’t be surprised if you look into a classroom next time you’re at your alma mater, and you see the whole class dawning Gear VR or Google Daydream headsets.The author is Head of Sales & Marketing at InstaVR. Based in San Francisco, InstaVR is a virtual reality focused technology company, providing tools and services to enable professionals to author and publish interactive VR experiences. InstaVR is completely web-based and requires no specialized engineering knowledge. Since launching in early 2016, over 10,000 companies have created thousands of immersive 360-degree apps for iOS, Android, Web, Gear VR, HTC Vive, Oculus Rift, and Google Daydream. For more information and to access the InstaVR platform, visit https://www.instavr.co.This article is part of our Virtual Reality series. You can download a high-resolution version of the landscape featuring 431 companies here. Follow the Puck
The biggest delegation to arrive was from Kenya which included 112 members. The Nigerian and Scottish delegations also arrived on Sunday with 69 and 60 members respectively. The number is expected to rise as 100 more are scheduled to arrive from Canada and Norfolk Islands at night.The Isle of Man team at the CWG village.Also, teams from Tanzania, Lesotho, Rwanda, Wales and several other nations arrived.The first team from Canada will check in at the Games Village on Monday and will include the boxers and lawn bowl players.Scott Stevenson, director of sport, Commonwealth Games Canada ( CGC), said the support staff was slated to move in to the Village on Sunday.”Work has progressed far enough and we’re ready to start moving in to the Village,” he said. Stevenson also expressed his satisfaction on the condition of the Village.”The dining hall and the training facilities, are truly exceptional. The residence towers have been a huge challenge for us, but I’m happy to say they too are finally falling into line.”A total of 35 Canadian support staff will move in to the village on Sunday. About 40 athletes and coaches from women’s gymnastics, shooting, table tennis, and men’s field hockey are scheduled to arrive on Monday.CANADA’S SUPPORTGary Lunn, sports minister of Canada called up MS Gill late on Sunday evening to give his support to the Games. “We are not worried by reports in the international media which are often exaggerated. Difficulties do come at large events. We had them in the Vancouver Winter Games. We are confident that you will overcome them. We are coming with full force. I look forward to meeting you in Delhi,” Lunn said.advertisementIn response, Gill assured him that all Indian authorities are working very hard to overcome the shortcomings. “We look forward to welcoming the Canadian contingent very soon,” he said.
‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP MOST READ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss That nearly yearlong curse, however, ended on Sunday when he conquered the 2019 Ironman 70.3 Subic Bay for his 23rd career title.Reed said doubts crept in during the low point of his professional career and the hardest part of it all was the downtime he took in between tournaments.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“The hardest part was taking some rest, I kept racing so I train harder and harder and then you’re not racing because you’re tired and your body’s telling you to take a break,” said Reed. “I took a break, reset, and put work into training harder.”“To win is a great feeling because you start to doubt yourself sometimes because I’m getting older, I got three kids, and you wonder how many more years you can do this.” Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next WATCH: Iguodala’s clutch basket leads top plays in Game 2 of NBA Finals Reed struggled in the early part of the race finishing the swim leg at third with a time of 24:35, more than a minute slower than that of Alex Polizzi, who clocked in at 23:22.The 34-year-old, however, pushed hard in the early in the bike leg and eventually held that pole position until the finish line.Reed, who’s been with Team Alaska since 2016, said he’s proud to get another title in the Philippines—a country where he saw the sport of triathlon grow first hand.“I feel like triathlon’s grown over the years which is really important and I think to see I’m really fond of to see the participation really grow is really special,” said Reed.ADVERTISEMENT Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport LATEST STORIES Tim Reed. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netSUBIC, Zambales—As stellar as his resume is, Tim Reed had his fair share of struggles throughout his career.Reed has won more than 20 Ironman 70.3 titles so far, but admitted the past eight months had been difficult.ADVERTISEMENT Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
The Jamaica Social Investment Fund (JSIF) and the Beeston Spring, Community Development Committee (CDC), on Friday (Dec. 14) signed a sponsor agreement of approximately $18 .77 million for the rehabilitation of some 2.6 kilometers of roadway, between Beeston Spring main road and Left Hall district in Eastern Westmoreland. Signatories included, Member of Parliament for Eastern Westmoreland and Minister of State in the Office of the Prime Minister, Hon. Luther Buchanan; Project Manager at JSIF, Ms Celia Dillon; President of the Beeston Spring CDC, Astil Gage; President and Vice President of the Mountain Heights Community Club in Left Hall District, Ms Inez Kerr and Mr Joel Gayle, respectively. Addressing the signing ceremony held at the Salem Primary and Junior High School, in Beeston Spring, Minister of State Buchanan, said the government sees rural development as critical to national development, adding that structured rural development is of paramount importance to curbing overcrowding in urban centres. “The truth is, that with infrastructural upgrades such as this one, communities like Beeston Spring has an opportunity now to expand your tourism product,” he stated. He noted that the value of the lands within the beneficiary communities will also rise with the newly added infrastructural improvement, noting that the overall economic potential of the area and its residents will be improved. Meanwhile, Ms Dillon pointed out that the project is being funded by the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and the Government of Jamaica (GoJ) through the Community Investment Project (CIP) programme. She noted that the project was given priority because the area is a recognised farming area, with a Social Development Commission (SDC) community profile showing that approximately 57 per cent of the residents practice farming, both for economic gain and for subsistence. Ms Dillon explained that the present project represents the completion of another project started in 2004, which was discontinued due to expiration of funding. The project will see 1 .2 km of roadway resurfaced and 1 .4km repaired. Pointing out that some 1,200 residents of both the Beeston Spring and Left Hall districts will be direct beneficiaries, Ms Dillon commended the community for its contribution of over $2 .4 mil towards the project.
Bengaluru: Echoing Indian space agency Chairman K. Sivan’s hunch on the descent of lander Vikram being terrifying, a space expert on Sunday said its hard landing on the moon at a tilted angle could have snapped the communication link with the mission control here, 3.84 lakh km away. “The contact has been lost because Vikram would have hit the moon’s surface hard at high speed and tumbled over rather than landing softly on its four legs as intended,” former Space Commission member Roddam Narasimha told IANS. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c details Though the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is yet to affirm what could have snapped the contact between Vikram and its Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network Centre (Istrac) on early Saturday, the 86-year-old veteran space scientist said the link would have been lost as the lander hit the lunar surface hard, damaging its half-a-dozen sensitive devices such as laser detection cameras, ka band and laser altimeters, and other vital sensors. Also Read – Tourists to be allowed in J&K from Thursday Sivan had announced in a tense mission control room that the communication link was lost when Vikram was 2.1 km above the lunar surface on descent mode as planned, and its performance was normal till then. Narasimha said: “As the telemetry signals showed Vikram descending angularly as planned, going through the rough and fine braking phases with its four engines on, the lander deviated to the right for a while before getting back to the intended path. This could have delayed Vikram’s positioning in a vertical mode for soft landing.” The hard landing would have also occurred if the four engines had not shut off when the lander was descending from 400 metres height and the central engine had not maintained the thrust to decelerate its speed for soft landing on a rocky surface in a hostile environment. “If the four engines or thrusters, which were moving the lander downwards, did not stop burning during the fine braking and the fifth or central engine did not generate enough thrust to reduce its speed, a hard landing would have been a body blow to Vikram,” pointed out Narasimha. Although the space agency on Sunday claimed to have found the location where Vikram had landed or crashed from a thermal image taken by its orbiter at 100km above the surface while spinning over its north-south poles, its health condition and the fate of its sensitive devices would be known only after analyzing the data and scanning the image. The space agency did not confirm reports in a section of the media that the communication link between the lander and the orbiter was intact but not with Istrac through its Deep Space Network (DSN) at Bylalu. “Even if the link between Vikram and the orbiter was intact, the space agency has to tell if the latter (orbiter) has relayed to the ground station the lander’s condition and what it has been relaying since it hard landed because they both have been programmed to transmit and receive telemetry signals through electromagnetic waves to perform the specific tasks as per the mission’s objectives,” said Narasimha, who served the space agency for the longest period (18 years) from 1994-2012. “As the final descent is on an autonomous mode and in accordance with the required lunar conditions, the scope for manoeuvres at the last minute or in unforeseen circumstances in unmanned missions are limited,” he added.